FDI drops again amid slowdown
The country registered $9.27 billion in FDI in January, a drop of 7.3 percent year-on-year, the Ministry of Commerce said.
This is on the heels of a drop of 4.5 percent in December.
Fourteen of the past 15 months have seen a decline in FDI. May was the exception.
But ministry spokesman Shen Danyang said on Wednesday that January's figure does not tell the full story.
China remains an attractive destination, and the driving force for China to use more FDI remains in place, he said.
Global cross-border FDI dropped 18 percent year-on-year in 2012 while in Asia it declined 9.5 percent. The decline in China on the global scale was 3.7 percent, Shen said, citing a report from the UN Conference on Trade and Development.
Song Hong, an economist with the Institute of World Economics and Politics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said global uncertainty and weak investment sentiment were to blame.
The world's second-largest economy expanded 7.9 percent in the last quarter of 2012, halting a seven-quarter slowdown. The full-year expansion of 7.8 percent last year was the lowest in more than 10 years.
"The FDI decline in January shows that global investors have different views on whether China's economic recovery will be steady and sustainable. Meanwhile, they are also weighing whether further investment in China will bring the same rewards as in the past," said Lian Ping, chief economist with Bank of Communications.
Investment from the United States fell 20 percent year-on-year in January to $270 million while Japanese investment, $640 million, was down 20 percent from a year earlier, according to the ministry.
"Tension over Diaoyu Islands drove down Japanese investments in China. US investors are returning home and favor Mexico more than China where costs keep rising," Song said.
However, European Union investment in China surged 81.8 percent year-on-year in January to $820 million.
Two countries in particular stand out. Investment from Sweden jumped a massive 4,060.4 percent year-on-year and investment from Denmark rose 325.2 percent.
"The rebound of EU investment in China is mainly owing to China's continued economic expansion and the necessity to invest in production facilities close to the market," said Fredrik Erixon, director of the European Center for International Political Economy, a think tank in Brussels.
Arnaldo Abruzzini, secretary-general of Eurochambers, added that EU business has been eyeing the Chinese market for more two than decades and now smaller companies think that the time is ripe to invest.
Lian said that China's economic recovery will further stabilize after the first quarter and FDI inflow is "very likely" to pick up in the second half of 2013.
Meanwhile, China's non-financial outbound direct investment rose 12.3 percent to $4.91 billion in January.
"China is at a stage of fast outbound investment and the pace will be faster in the near future. Outbound investments currently focus on resources and mergers and acquisitions, but more will go to manufacturing as China shifts its over capacity to overseas markets," Song said.